Since January 2019, all B2B and B2G invoices in Italy have to be processed electronically via the SDI (Sistema di Interscambio), the central platform for electronic invoice data exchange.
The Italian government has now taken the next step. From October 2019 public institutions from the health system must commit to electronic ordering (SSN Servizio Sanitario Nazionale) because the government wanted to have a better overview about the expenditure of the public health system.
Public institutions from the health system must use the new NSO platform (Nodo Smistamento Ordini) to transmit their orders electronically to their suppliers (e-ordering). This e-ordering transfer is only possible in the PEPPOL BIS 3.0 (UBL 3.0) format, which means that hospital suppliers will only receive their orders in the PEPPOL format. The NSO platform is therefore connected to PEPPOL.
It can be assumed that Italy is taking a further step towards an Order-to-Cash (O2C), a fully digital payment and ordering process. Companies will be able to process all orders via the NSO platform and the subsequent invoices via the SdI platform already mentioned.
The step to introduce the mentioned NSO platform came 6 months after the introduction of the SdI platform, in January 2019. The Italian government issued a decree on 27 December 2019, which states that the entry into force of the NSO platform is still delayed.